Lifetime Experiences Scale (LIFES): Desenvolvimento e validação em amostras da comunidade

  • Vanessa Azevedo University of Minho
  • Carla Martins
  • Ângela Maia
Palavras-chave: eventos de vida, consistência, ciclo de vida, avaliação retrospetiva, autorrelato, Psicologia do Desenvolvimento

Resumo

Este artigo descreve o processo de desenvolvimento e validação de um novo instrumento para avaliar experiências de vida, reportadas por adultos: a Lifetime Experiences Scale (LIFES). A originalidade deste instrumento prende-se com a inclusão quer de experiências positivas, quer negativas ocorridas na infância, adolescência e vida adulta. A LIFES é uma medida de autorrelato organizada em duas secções: 75 itens (abrangendo oito domínios: percurso escolar, percurso profissional, saúde, tempos livres, condições de vida, experiências adversas, realizações e pessoas e relações) sobre experiências vividas e espaços em branco para as experiências não vividas (mas desejadas). Os procedimentos realizados para o desenvolvimento da LIFES são apresentados detalhadamente (e.g., construto, criação de itens e questões). Além disso, são apresentadas evidências baseadas no conteúdo, processo de resposta, relação com outras variáveis e diferentes tipos de fiabilidade, em amostras da comunidade. Genericamente, os resultados da LIFES indicam boas evidências de validade e fiabilidade, apresentando-se como um instrumento útil quer para fins de investigação, quer clínicos.

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Publicado
2020-08-07
Como Citar
Azevedo, V., Martins, C., & Maia, Ângela. (2020). Lifetime Experiences Scale (LIFES): Desenvolvimento e validação em amostras da comunidade. PSICOLOGIA, 34(1), 174-194. https://doi.org/10.17575/psicologia.v34i1.1456
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