Garra dos líderes e capital psicológico dos liderados: Uma exploração concetual de condições moderadoras

  • Arménio Rego Católica Porto Business School
  • Filipa Sobral Universidade Católica Portuguesa, Porto, CEDH, Faculdade de Educação e Psicologia
  • Ana Simões Católica Porto Business School
  • Cátia Duarte Católica Porto Business School
  • Francisco Reis Católica Porto Business School
  • Inês Quaresma Católica Porto Business School
  • Maria Guimarães Católica Porto Business School
  • Maria Teixeira Católica Porto Business School
  • Miguel Pina e Cunha Nova School of Business and Economics
Palavras-chave: liderança; garra (grit); garra veiculada versus garra autoatribuída; humildade; apoio social; capital psicológico


A garra (termo aqui traduzido de grit) tem sido encarada como crucial para o sucesso dos indivíduos e a eficácia dos líderes, embora alguns autores não sustentem essa tese. A investigação empírica é escassa e pouco conclusiva. Um possível caminho para melhor compreender este construto passa por considerar condições moderadoras. Aqui discutimos três dessas condições: (1) garra veiculada pelo líder versus garra autoatribuída; (2) humildade expressa pelo líder; (3) apoio social expresso pelo líder. O modelo concetual argumenta que o líder que veicula mais garra perante os liderados desenvolve o capital psicológico destes, mas esse efeito é mitigado, ou mesmo anulado, se o líder for desprovido de humildade e não facultar apoio social aos liderados. Distintamente, o líder estimula o capital psicológico dos liderados se, além de veicular garra, também expressar humildade e apoio social aos liderados.


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Como Citar
Rego, A., Sobral, F., Simões, A., Duarte, C., Reis, F., Quaresma, I., Guimarães, M., Teixeira, M., & Cunha, M. (2020). Garra dos líderes e capital psicológico dos liderados: Uma exploração concetual de condições moderadoras. PSICOLOGIA, 34(1), 1-12.