Protean Career Orientation Scale: A validation study with Portuguese university students

Autores

  • Joana Soares Escola de Psicologia, Universidade do Minho https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2516-2810
  • Maria do Céu Taveira School of Psychology, University of Minho
  • Ana Daniela Silva School of Psychology, University of Minho

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17575/psicologia.1920

Palavras-chave:

Protean orientation, Psychometric properties, University students, Assessment

Resumo

The protean career orientation refers to career agentic and values-driven attitudes in today’s changing contexts. This orientation shows readiness for facing lifespan tasks and challenges in diverse work roles, contributing, for example, to university students’ academic engagement and employability. Given the importance of this construct, there is a need for valid and reliable measures of protean career orientation. Our study aimed to analyze the internal and criterion-related validity and reliability of a Portuguese language version of the Protean Career Orientation Scale. Participants were 407 Portuguese university students who responded to measures of protean career orientation, academic engagement, and career self-management strategies. Factorial analyses, Pearson correlations, and reliability indicators were computed. Adequate psychometric properties were found after one item deletion. Findings provide evidence for the scale’s usage among groups of university students, whether for research or practical purposes. Nevertheless, more studies are needed.

Downloads

Não há dados estatísticos.

Referências

Álvarez-Pérez, P.-R., & López-Aguilar, D. (2020). Competencias de adaptabilidad y factores de éxito académico del alumnado universitario [Adaptability skills and factors of academic success among university students]. Revista Iberoamericana de Educación Superior, XI, 46–66. https://doi.org/10.22201/iisue.20072872e.2020.32.815

Andrade, A. L., Teixeira, M. A. P. T., & Oliveira, M. Z. (2022). The Brazilian Portuguese adaptation of Protean Career Orientation Scale: Invariance, correlates, and life/career stages. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance, 0123456789. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10775-022-09539-x

Arbuckle, J. L. (2008). Amos 17.0 User’s Guide. Amos Development Corporation.

Baruch, Y. (2014). The development and validation of a measure for protean career orientation. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 25(19), 2702–2723. https://doi.org/10.1080/09585192.2014.896389

Borges, L. F., De Andrade, A. L., Ziebell de Oliveira, M., & Guerra, V. M. (2015). Expanding and Adapting the Protean Career Management Scale for University Students (PCMS-U). Spanish Journal of Psychology, 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1017/sjp.2015.83

Briscoe, J. P., & Hall, D. T. (2006). The interplay of boundaryless and protean careers: Combinations and implications. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 69(1), 4–18. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2005.09.002

Briscoe, J. P., Hall, D. T., & DeMuth, R. L. F. (2006). Protean and boundaryless careers: An empirical exploration. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 69(1), 30–47. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2005.09.003

Cadime, I., Lima, S., Marques Pinto, A., & Ribeiro, I. (2016). Measurement invariance of the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale for Students: A study across secondary school pupils and university students. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 13(2), 254–263. https://doi.org/10.1080/17405629.2016.1148595

Chui, H., Li, H., & Ngo, H. Y. (2020). Linking Protean Career Orientation with Career Optimism: Career Adaptability and Career Decision Self-Efficacy as Mediators. Journal of Career Development, 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1177/0894845320912526

Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Cortellazzo, L., Bonesso, S., Gerli, F., & Batista-Foguet, J. M. (2020). Protean career orientation: Behavioral antecedents and employability outcomes. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 116(103343), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2019.103343

de Bruin, G. P., & Buchner, M. (2010). Boundaryless Career Attitude Scales. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology, 36(2), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.4102/sajip

Direnzo, M. S., Greenhaus, J. H., & Weer, C. H. (2015). Relationship between protean career orientation and work–life balance: A resource perspective. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 36(4), 538–560. https://doi.org/10.1002/job.1996

Enache, M., González, I., Castillo, D., & Lordan, O. (2012). Protean and boundaryless career attitudes scale: Spanish translation and validation. Intangible Capital, 8(1), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.3926/ic.309

Gazo, P. F., Fonseca, M. T., & Figuera, R. V. (2019). El estudio longitudinal de las trayectorias universitarios como foco de análisis.[The longitudinal study of university trajectories as a focus of analysis]. In M. C. Taveira, H. Troiano, A. Sánchez-Gelabert, D. Torrents, M. Elias, L. Daza, S. R. Espinar, P. F. Gazo, M. T. Fonseca, R. V. Figuera, M. F. Niella, J. L. Ordóñez, S. Romero-Rodriguez, X. Triano-Ivern, P. Aparicio-Checa, I. D. Alcaraz, J. G. Sallán, D. Rodríguez-Gómez, F. Corti,… M. L. Rodríguez-Moreno (Eds.), Trayectorias, transiciones y resultados de los estudiantes en la universidad (pp. 93–123). LAERTES educación.

Gubler, M., Arnold, J., & Coombs, C. (2014). Reassessing the protean career concept: Empirical findings, conceptual components, and measurement. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 35, 23–40. https://doi.org/10.1002/job.1908

Hair, J., Howard, M., & Nitzl, C. (2020). Assessing measurement model quality in PLS-SEM using confirmatory composite analysis. Journal of Business Research, 109, 101-110. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2019.11.069

Hall, D. T. (1976). Careers in organizations. Glenview, IL: Scott Foresman & Co.

Hall, D. T., Yip, J., & Doiron, K. (2018). Protean careers at work: Self-direction and values orientation in psychological success. Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior, 5, 129–156. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-orgpsych-032117-104631

Herrmann, A., Hirschi, A., & Baruch, Y. (2015). The protean career orientation as predictor of career outcomes: Evaluation of incremental validity and mediation effects. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 88, 205–214. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2015.03.008

Hirschi, A., & Koen, J. (2021). Contemporary Career Orientations and Career Self-Management: A Review and Integration Andreas. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 53(9), 1689–1699. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2020.103505

Hirschi, A., Zacher, H., & Shockley, K. M. (2020). Whole-Life Career Self-Management: A Conceptual Framework. Journal of Career Development, 1–19. https://doi.org/10.1177/0894845320957729

Hooper, D., Coughlan, J., & Mullen, M. R. (2008). Structural equation modelling: Guidelines for determining model fit. Electronic Journal of Business Research Methods, 6(1), 53–60. https://doi.org/10.21427/D79B73

Hu, L., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 6(1), 1–55. https://doi.org/10.1080/10705519909540118

Institute for Economics & Peace. (2022). Global Peace Index 2022: Measuring peace in a complex world. http://visionofhumanity.org/resources

Kaur, J., & Kaushik, S. (2020). Protean Career Orientation and Perceived Employability : The Mediating Role of Career Self-Management. Ramanujan International Journal of Business and Research, 5, 1–16.

Kim, S., Creed, P. A., Hood, M., & Bath, D. (2023). Protean career processes in young adults: Relationships with perceived future employability, educational performance, and commitment. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance, 1-24. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10775-023-09584-0

Kostal, J. W., & Wiernik, B. M. (2017). A meta-analytic investigation of demographic differences in protean, boundaryless, and proactive career orientations. Career Development International, 22(5), 520–545. https://doi.org/10.1108/CDI-08-2017-0139

Kruanak, K., & Ruangkanjanases, A. (2014). Brain Gain for Thailand: The Determinants of International Students Intention to Stay on after Graduation. International Journal of Trade, Economics and Finance, 1(5), 337–346. https://doi.org/10.7763/IJTEF.2014.V5.394

Marques, T. (2017). Novos conceitos de carreira: estudo preliminar de adaptação e validação para o contexto Português das escalas Protean Career Atittudes Scale e Boundaryless Career Atittudes Scale [New concepts of career: preliminary adaptation and validation study for the Portuguese context of the Protean Career Atittudes Scale and the Boundaryless Career Atittudes Scale] [Master thesis, University of Coimbra]. Scientific Repository of University of Coimbra. https://eg.uc.pt/handle/10316/84036

Matias, J. P. A. (2013). Os comportamentos de auto-gestão e o sucesso de carreira: análise da relação directa, variáveis mediadoras e moderadoras [Self-management behaviors and career success: analysis of the direct relationship, mediating and moderating variables] [Master thesis, University of Lisbon]. Scientific Repository of University of Lisbon. https://repositorio.ul.pt/handle/10451/10510

Ngo, H. Y., & Hui, L. (2018). Individual Orientations and Career Satisfaction: The Mediating Roles of Work Engagement and Self-Efficacy. Journal of Career Development, 45(5), 425–439. https://doi.org/10.1177/0894845317706759

Pinto, J. C., Taveira, M. C., Candeias, A., & Araújo, A. (2013). Análise fatorial confirmatória da prova de avaliação de competência social face à carreira. [Confirmatory factor analysis of the perceived social competence scale]. Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica, 26(3), 469–478. https://doi.org/10.1590/s0102-79722013000300006

Porter, C., Woo, S. E., & Tak, J. (2016). Developing and Validating Short Form Protean and Boundaryless Career Attitudes Scales. Journal of Career Assessment, 24(1), 162–181. https://doi.org/10.1177/1069072714565775

Stauffer, S. D., Abessolo, M., Zecca, G., & Rossier, J. (2019). French-Language Translation and Validation of the Protean and Boundaryless Career Attitudes Scales: Relationships to Proactive Personality, Career Adaptability, and Career Satisfaction. Journal of Career Assessment, 27(2), 337–357. https://doi.org/10.1177/1069072717748962

Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2013). Using multivariate statistics (6th ed.). Pearson Education, Inc.

United Nations (2022). World Economic Situations and Prospects. https://www.un.org/development/desa/dpad/publication/world-economic-situation-and-prospects-2022/

Valentini, F., & Damasio, B. F. (2016). Average Variance Extracted and Composite Reliability: Reliability Coefficients/Variancia Media Extraida e Confiabilidade Composta: Indicadores de Precisao. Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa, 32(2), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1590/0102-3772e322225 Artigos

Vieira, K. M., & Dalmoro, M. (2008). Dilemas na Construção de Escalas Tipo Likert: o Número de Itens e a Disposição Influenciam nos Resultados? Revista Gestão Organizacional, 2000, 1–16.

World Economic Forum. (2020). The Future of Jobs Report 2020. http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_Future_of_Jobs_2020.pdf

Yıldız-Akyol, E., & Öztemel, K. (2021). Implementation of career construction model of adaptation with Turkish University students: a two-study paper. Current Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-021-01482-4

Publicado

2024-06-30

Como Citar

Soares, J., Taveira, M. do C., & Silva, A. D. (2024). Protean Career Orientation Scale: A validation study with Portuguese university students. PSICOLOGIA, 38(1), 14–24. https://doi.org/10.17575/psicologia.1920

Edição

Secção

Artigos

Artigos mais lidos do(s) mesmo(s) autor(es)