Escala das dimensões do desenvolvimento da identidade: Estudos psicométricos iniciais

  • Ana Prioste Escola de Psicologia e Ciências da Vida, ULHT, Lisboa, Portugal Faculdade de Psicologia, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
  • Ana Lugar Escola de Psicologia e Ciências da Vida, ULHT, Lisboa, Portugal
  • Paula Paulino Escola de Psicologia e Ciências da Vida, ULHT, Lisboa, Portugal Faculdade de Psicologia, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
  • Inês Jongenelen Escola de Psicologia e Ciências da Vida, ULHT, Lisboa, Portugal
  • Pedro J. Rosa Escola de Psicologia e Ciências da Vida, ULHT, Lisboa, Portugal Human-Environment Lab/ULHT, Lisboa, Portugal Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL), Cis-IUL, Lisbon, Portugal Centro de Investigação em Psicologia (CIP), ISMAT, Portimão
Palavras-chave: Desenvolvimento identitário, Estudo inicial de validação, Adultos emergentes, Adolescentes, Psicopatologia

Resumo

Este estudo apresenta o processo de desenvolvimento e os estudos psicométricos iniciais da Escala das Dimensões do Desenvolvimento Identitário (DIDS), um instrumento que avalia os processos de desenvolvimento da identidade. Participaram no estudo 403 indivíduos (15-29 anos), que responderam a um questionário de dados sociodemográficos, à DIDS e ao Inventário da Sintomatologia Psicológica (ISP). Foram analisadas as características psicométricas da DIDS. Para o estudo da validade de construto foi realizada uma análise fatorial confirmatória. As validades convergente e discriminante foram analisadas através: da Variância Extraída Média (VEM); da comparação dos valores de VEM com os valores de correlação ao quadrado entre os fatores; e das correlações entre os processos de desenvolvimento da identidade e o ISP. A DIDS apresentou índices satisfatórios de fiabilidade compósita e consistência interna e a estrutura fatorial proposta foi confirmada. Os resultados sugerem que o instrumento poderia tornar-se mais fiável com o aumento do número de itens em alguns fatores e a eliminação de alguns itens existentes. No entanto, a DIDS é um instrumento passível de ser usado na medição do desenvolvimento identitário em adolescentes e adultos emergentes portugueses.

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Publicado
2018-12-28
Como Citar
Prioste, A., Lugar, A., Paulino, P., Jongenelen, I., & Rosa, P. (2018). Escala das dimensões do desenvolvimento da identidade: Estudos psicométricos iniciais. PSICOLOGIA, 32(2), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.17575/rpsicol.v32i2.1244
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