Impacto dos fatores psicossociais de risco na qualidade de vida da população no processo de reforma

  • Tania Gaspar Universidade Lusiada de Lisboa/CLISSIS; ISAMB/FM/Universidade de Lisboa
  • Diego Gomez-Baya
  • Isabel Torres Universidade Lusíada do Porto/ CLISSIS
  • Ana Cerqueira Universidade Lusíada de Lisboa/CLISSIS; Aventura Social
  • Manuela Faia Correia Universidade Lusíada de Lisboa/COMEGI
  • Margarida Gaspar Matos Universidade de Lisboa/FMH/ISAMB
Palavras-chave: Fatores de risco psicossociais relacionados ao trabalho, gestão do stress, qualidade de vida, situação de trabalho, saúde física e psicológica

Resumo

O objetivo principal deste estudo é compreender e caracterizar a relação entre os fatores de risco psicossocial relacionados ao trabalho e as dimensões de qualidade de vida (QV) em adultos profissionalmente ativos e reformados em Portugal. Os dados foram recolhidos ao nível nacional. Participaram 1.330 indivíduos, sendo 62,2% do género feminino, com idades entre 55 e 75 anos. Foram analisadas as diferenças de género, idade e situação profissional (profissional ativo e reformado) em relação aos fatores psicossocial de risco e QV. Para analisar esta relação foram testados cinco modelos de regressão. Os resultados mostraram que a gestão do stress/burnout e a sobrecarga de trabalho são os fatores de risco psicossocial que apresentaram um impacto mais forte na qualidade de vida. O estudo permitiu concluir que a QV no processo de reforma é influenciada pelos riscos psicossociais relacionados com o trabalho, principalmente a gestão do stress e a sobrecarga de trabalho.

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Publicado
2020-08-07
Como Citar
Gaspar, T., Gomez-Baya, D., Torres, I., Cerqueira, A., Correia, M., & Matos, M. (2020). Impacto dos fatores psicossociais de risco na qualidade de vida da população no processo de reforma. PSICOLOGIA, 34(1), 121-134. https://doi.org/10.17575/psicologia.v34i1.1496
Secção
Número Temático - COMPORTAMENTO ORGANIZACIONAL

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