Medida de desumanização baseada em traços: Adaptação para a população portuguesa

  • Lúcia Campos ISCTE-IUL http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7858-9869
  • Ana Louceiro
  • Tânia Brandão Universidade Autónoma de Lisboa Luís de Camões: Lisboa, Lisboa
  • Sónia Bernardes ISCTE-IUL

Resumo

O fenómeno da desumanização (i.e., a negação de humanidade a terceiros; Haslam, 2006) tem sido um tópico frequentemente estudado na Psicologia Social; no entanto, um conjunto de traços para avaliar este fenómeno não foi ainda validado para a população portuguesa. Este estudo teve como objetivo traduzir, adaptar e validar, para a população portuguesa, o conjunto de traços proposto por Haslam e colegas (Haslam & Bain, 2007; Haslam, Bain, Douge, Lee & Bastian, 2005), que medem a negação de traços de duas dimensões: “uniquely human” e “human nature”. Uma amostra de 597 participantes (Midade = 40.83; DP = 11.50) avaliaram em que medida percebiam cada um de 52 traços como uma característica da natureza humana e unicamente humanos, bem como a sua desejabilidade. Foram conduzidos testes de forma a distinguir entre traços com avaliações baixas e altas em cada dimensão, e construídos grupos de traços que diferenciam entre cada uma das dimensões. Apresentamos a validação de uma medida com valência positiva que distingue entre ambas as dimensões de “humanness”; no entanto, foi apenas possível validar uma medida de “human uniqueness” com valência negativa. As implicações desta medida para a investigação futura são abordadas.

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Publicado
2020-08-07
Como Citar
Campos, L., Louceiro, A., Brandão, T., & Bernardes, S. (2020). Medida de desumanização baseada em traços: Adaptação para a população portuguesa. PSICOLOGIA, 34(1), 214-228. https://doi.org/10.17575/psicologia.v34i1.1495
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Artigos