“É cada um para o que nasce?”: Desenvolvimento das atribuições causais da pobreza infantil na infância e soluções percebidas para a pobreza

  • Leonor Pereira da Costa Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL), Centro de Investigação e Intervenção Social (CIS-IUL), Lisboa, Portugal
  • Ricardo Borges Rodrigues Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL), Centro de Investigação e Intervenção Social (CIS-IUL), Lisboa, Portugal
  • Sven Waldzus Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL), Centro de Investigação e Intervenção Social (CIS-IUL), Lisboa, Portugal
Palavras-chave: Crianças, atribuições causais da pobreza, pobreza infantil, soluções para a pobreza

Resumo

O presente estudo analisa o desenvolvimento das atribuições causais da pobreza infantil, o papel do estatuto sócio económico nestas atribuições e as soluções que as crianças identificam para a pobreza. Foram entrevistadas crianças com idades entre os 6 e 12 anos (N = 107), e os resultados mostram a prevalência da externalização das causas da pobreza, nomeadamente através de explicações fatalistas (e.g. sorte) e estruturalistas (e.g. desemprego). Este estudo permite, ainda, verificar que as crianças percecionam dois tipos de soluções para a pobreza, que variam no grau de agência imputado à criança pobre. Análises de mediação mostram que a indicação de soluções que requerem a ação da criança pobre aumenta com a idade através do aumento da perceção de que a pobreza é causada por fatores sociais. Os resultados são discutidos em termos do desenvolvimento sociocognitivo, refletindo sobre as consequências das atribuições causais da pobreza na perpetuação das desigualdades sociais.

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Publicado
2020-12-22
Como Citar
Pereira da Costa, L., Borges Rodrigues, R., & Waldzus, S. (2020). “É cada um para o que nasce?”: Desenvolvimento das atribuições causais da pobreza infantil na infância e soluções percebidas para a pobreza. PSICOLOGIA, 34(2), 39-56. https://doi.org/10.17575/psicologia.v34i2.1382
Secção
Número Temático - In Memoriam Prof. Maria Benedicta Monteiro